Meanwhile your iguana pet is young, you can support it in an aquarium or a small terrarium, since it will be comfortable there until it grows up. Also while they are small, the green iguanas remain in the soil and not so much in the trees.
This way you have some time to be planning his definitive cage. The most usual thing is a wooden iguana enclosure, with one or more of the sides filled with hen-house wire, or a synthetic transparent material that allow a good visibility. Also it is possible to use glass, which is easy to clean and remains nice, but it is weighed and fragile at the time of installing it. The wire allows to escape the heat and if it is not tightened well it is possible to deform, but your iguana pet will love it because it offers them a good surface to climb and also it allows good ventilation on the iguana enclosure. You will have to choose the material most adapted according to the temperature of your house.
- The Size:
The rule of dump here is always; the bigger, the better, period. It is necessary to bear in mind that iguana pets need big vertical space because they spend most of the time climbed trunks or platforms. It is recommended to be as high as the length of the iguana (including the tail) or more, the length must be 1 ½ the body of the iguana and the breadth, than 2/3 of the length of the iguana. This type of cage can be located against the wall of a room and does not occupy so much floor space. With these measurements the iguana has place like to walk, to turn round and to climb.
Now it is necessary to give him a surface to climb. You can use thick sloping branches or ramps and some shelves in the end so that the iguana could rest there. Cover them with carpet of synthetic lawn so that it has where to stick with his fingernails, taking care that there do not stay free threads that could get entangled in the paws and hurt them. Another practical option and that remains nice is to wrap the branches or ramps with thick cords and them to adhere well so that they could not come undone and turn out to be dangerous. The iguanas usually spend most of the time climbed these high places, so it can be useful to locate there the heat source, but have the precaution of putting it out of his scope so that it could not burn himself.
- The Substratum:
It is convenient to avoid any substratum that is loose, as sawdust, sand or gravel, since the iguana can be consumed and to cause intestinal obstructions. You can use any type of paper role without ink; this one is not very attractive, but it is replaced easily when dirty and is cheap. Also, you could used synthetic carpet, which remains nicer. A way of keeping it clean is to cover the surface with squares of carpet, this way when one gets dirty, you withdraw it and change it into other while you disinfect the one that you removed. You can use lye (to dilute a part for every water ten) having the precaution of clarifying it very well then. If the cage of your iguana is very big you can use chips of wood (not neither pine nor cedar, since they can be poisonous) on the soil. As the iguanas spend almost all the time in height they will only go down to defecate on short periods. In their wild habitat, the iguanas live on the sand without problems, but in captivity they tend to consume the material of the substratum because they are bored and locked up. Independently of the substratum that you choose, it is very important that you keep it clean and dry. The animals that live in a dirty ambiance have many more chances that any small skin wound becomes infected and to develop painful abscesses or blister disease.
Several people leave their iguanas pets free roaming around the house during part of the day. This alternative is good so they realize more exercise and so that they amuse themselves in a bigger and varied environment than the iguana enclosure. What it is necessary to bear in mind is that the whole place where they circulate is to the suitable temperature and that there are no plants or objects that could be dangerous. Also the iguanas usually do not learn to defecate in a salver, for what it is possible that you may have to clean the room after releasing it. The dregs of iguana can leave spots that they do not come out of the cloths. It is very important that you disinfect well the place where it has defecated, so if you do not do it, dangerous bacteria can develop (salmonella). If you like your iguana walking around the house (free roaming), you can re-decorate the room with some branches so that it climbs and to place a lamp on them so that it get heat. This way you will prevent from rising to the furniture and from damaging them with his claws.
Finally you need also a pair of receptacles for his meal and the water. They must be resistant and heavy so that the iguana could not overturn them when it is they who are raised. The water bowl serves so that the iguana drinks as freshens up and also, it’s a help on supporting the high moisture of the enclosure. The iguanas usually take a bath and then defecate in the same water. Cleans the receptacle whenever he does it.